9 Mainstream IT Skills You Should Learn In 2021
Organizations and businesses worldwide are passing technological transaction phases due to the accelerated evolution of new technologies. Our life and business are now at the apex of such a transformation phase where the benchmark of human capacity varies, particularly while the job seekers are looking forward to getting their dream job.
The traditional model of the learning and development process considered a long-established practice among the organization has already started being replaced by the evolution of Artificial intelligence (AI) and new business culture, which is completely data-driven. The aid of technology is reinforcing today’s businesses to deliver optimum services to the end-user in a most advanced and simpler manner. According to a survey report, almost sixty-five (65%) percent of the businesses are in favour of integrating Artificial Intelligence (AI) into their business process after exploring the capacity of Artificial intelligence (AI) to accelerate the business process through effective Data Analysis, Machine Learning and other relative tools.
Such dependencies on data-driven activities force the businesses to change the pattern of traditional routine work, where there was no exception of human effort. Those tasks are now being possible to be accomplished by machines through Artificial Intelligence and Machine learning. Such practice creates more space for humans to explore their innate talents by ensuring the maximum optimization of creativity, strategic planning, social intelligence, emotional intelligence, curiosity, etc. It has impacted the human job pattern and brought more job opportunities, where you need to earn specific skills and knowledge. This scenario could be considered Human Technological Interaction, which is going to last for the next several decades without any doubt.
In such a reality, you might get confused about selecting the rightmost IT skill to learn in 2021. The following discussion will help you get an idea about eight such IT skills to learn to accelerate your career path in the IT industry.
1. Artificial Intelligence, Neural Networks and Machine Learning
Software and Application Developers were considered the most hired IT professionals in the industry, even a few years ago. Businesses are now desperately seeking a Security Analyst and Data Architect.
The birth and rise of Artificial Intelligence (AI) are merely anticipated. AI has started to impact almost every business process worldwide from the moment AI has earned the capacity of transaction in data processing and pattern reorganization process, which is much faster and better than humans. AI is considered an integral part of machine learning and neural networks, as well. These Neural Networks replicate almost the capacity of human brains for processing information. Applications and frameworks like Virtual Assistants, Chatbots, self-driving cars and Predictive Analysis are few such examples of how the possibilities of Neural Networks can be an integral part of any business across the world.
According to a survey, AI-driven businesses will take around three to six trillion dollar turnover per year. Such huge revenue is generated from almost every business sector through an unbiased and evenly distributed environment. According to the research of one of the largest job portals named ‘indeed’, the AI skilled professional would get around one hundred and nineteen (119%) percent increment per year. Currently, only twenty-six (26%) percent of the IT professionals are skilled and experienced in AI and/or Machine Learning. Such a significant shortage in professional expertise is expected to be endured, which also keeps the demand for AI and/or Machine Learning high.
2. Hyper Automation
By definition, automation is a process that employs technology to discard antiquated jobs that once required human intervention. Automation ensures conducting jobs in a better and faster manner and eliminates human hazards. Hyper Automation uses state-of-the-art technology like AI, Neural Networks, and Machine Language to make the task automated and ensure the implicit automation processes, including Design, Discover, Analyze, Assess, and so on.
Hyper Automation also devises the Data Transport Object (DTO). Businesses can anticipate how business processes and Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) create a unique value proposition for the business. This is how Hyper Automation provides uninterrupted intelligence regarding the unique business opportunities of the organization. This is considered one unique feature that assists in converting the experience of the users from tech-literate people to people literate tech.
Hyper Automation is designed to cater an excellent experience, which will enhance Augmented Reality (AR), Virtual Reality (VR), Human-Computer Interface (HCI), Human Machine Interface (HMI) and so on. In the year 2021, more than fifty (50%) percent of IT jobs require development and engineering roles. Hyper Automation is designed to be developed at an average rate of forty (40%) percent for the job roles that require cooperation with AI Specialists, ML Specialists, Data Scientists, Neural Network Specialist, Robotics Engineering etc.
3. Data Science and Analytics
Data Science is another emerging subject matter of IT. Organizations are now able to forecast the future shape of the business process through an effective and appropriate implication of tools and techniques of Data Science and Analytics.
A large chunk of data is being produced every day from almost every business, regardless of the type and the size. Data Scientists, Data Architects and Data Analytics Specialists have the required skill to help organizations making strategic decisions by analyzing business data. According to a study, there is an increase in demand for data-related job roles by thirty-seven (37%) percent. Data Scientists’ employment opportunities are expected to grow around three hundred (300%) percent over the next decade. According to a report prepared by one of the largest online job portals named ‘Glassdoor’, Data Analytics is compared to the third-best job in the IT industry.
Businesses are competing with each other to deliver more uniquely designed and personalized services to their clients. Data Scientists and Data Analytics professionals can perform predictive analysis using which the organizations can develop a better business decision. The demand for Data Scientists and Analytics will create huge employment opportunities in the coming days.
4. Cyber Security
Cyber Security is considered one of the fastest expanding opportunities for IT professionals in 2021. The demand for Cyber Security specialists’ increases by thirty (30%) percent as the rate of Cyber Threats also increases simultaneously. Businesses are now more concerned about the safety and security issues of their business data.
The rate of Data Breach has increased by fifty (50%) percent, only during the year 2019-2020. As a result, businesses must ensure the security of their IT infrastructure to protect their business data.
Neural Network Applications must process more than ten million data transactions to outpace the regular human capacity. It requires organizations to extract data from almost every business transaction to enhance the engagement of the customer. Any Cyber Attack on these data may cause the clients’ confidential information at risk, and such an accident may damage the business’s credibility.
AI professionals have the space to play a key role to deal with the Cyber Security issue. With adequate information, Artificial Intelligence (AI) can determine the pattern of events that give you the indications of possible Cyber Attacks. This is how AI plays an important role in developing, deploying, configuring, and monitoring both the defence and offence mechanism of the organisation’s IT infrastructure, which is far above human capacities.
Cyber Security creates ample job opportunities for IT professionals. Tech giants and globally recognized leading corporate houses are creating space for Cyber Security Specialists, having adequate knowledge, skill and experience of AI, Data Science and Machine Learning.
5. Cloud Computing
Organizations are deviating towards cloud-based IT infrastructure as the client-server IT infrastructure model is now considered obsolete technology. According to a survey, cloud-based IT services have already increased by seventeen (17) percent, contributing around two hundred and twenty-six (226) billion dollars in the IT industry.
We have seen how the Internet has squeezed the market of Software as a Service (SaaS) as a Service (IaaS). The market of Cloud Computing has also been increased rapidly as organizations have started integrating cloud infrastructure as part of their business system to develop a centralized data management infrastructure.
Cyber Attack has its impact not only on the IT industry but also on the overall economy. Top-level IT professionals like CIOs, CTOs, CEOs and COOs can feel this impact as they have a comprehensive view of the business process. That is another key reason organizations have started integrating cloud technology to keep their business data safe and secure.
None of us could confirm anything for the future as granted as the future is uncertain. Organizations could give a try to make better business decisions through predictive analysis. This is another key reason why data safety and security are considered one of the most important aspects of any business. It is how the concept and technology of Cloud Computing have made its space in the IT industry.
6. Internet Of Things (IoT)
Internet Of Things (IoT) is the outcome of the innovation of IT, where devices could communicate with each other. Applications, sensors, microcontrollers, microprocessors are all considered as the building blocks of IoT. According to a survey, the market price of IoT will be around four to eleven trillion dollars within the year 2025. Organizations are now looking forward to hiring IT professionals with a blended skill-set on AI, Cyber Security, IoT, etc.
User Interface (UI) and User Experience (UX) are two key elements of the IT industry, never becoming obsolete. Almost every IT company must have expertise in these two elements to offer their products and services more simply and smartly. User Interface (UI) professionals put their effort into elevating the user’s interface to interact with the system.
On the other hand, User Experience (UX) professionals must work on how the users will communicate with the different pieces of the products and/or services. No matter how excellent the service you are offering, your product may not create a buzz in the market without an effective and easy to use UI that can ensure an excellent UX.
8. Product Owners
IT companies have started integrating agile development strategy, which is considered one of the most effective development strategies for the application/software developer. The role of product owners is getting more priority than before, particularly in the agile development strategy. The generic tasks of Product Owners are to do surveys, confirm smooth communication among the developers, project managers and clients.
9. Soft Skills
Only technical skill is not enough for IT Professionals, as they must communicate with both the technical and non-technical people. This is why soft skills like verbal and written communication capabilities are required for professionals working in the IT industry to ensure optimum communication among the stakeholders of the product and/or services they are working on.
Hiring managers of the IT companies are now considering the level of experience rather than the degree and/or certification from the college and university. One of the key reasons for them to choose is to fill the gap between the demand and supply of an effective IT workforce. Moreover, the number of online learning platforms are increasing, and it provides a huge opportunity for individuals to learn any IT related subject matter online. Furthermore, any IT professional can stay updated with the latest trend of any IT related issues from these online learning portals and move upward to their career path.