9 Mainstream IT Skills You Should Learn In 2021
Organizations and businesses across the world are passing technological transaction phases due to the accelerated evolution of new technologies. Our life and business are now at the apex of such a transformation phase where the benchmark of human capacity is also varying, particularly while the job seekers are looking forward to getting their dream job.
The traditional model of learning and development process, which has been considered as a long-established practice among the organization, has already started being replaced by the evolution of Artificial intelligence (AI) along with a new business culture, which is completely data-driven. Today’s businesses are being reinforced by the aid of technology in order to deliver optimum services to the end-user in a most advanced and simpler manner. According to a survey report, almost sixty-five (65%) percent of the businesses are in favour of integrating Artificial Intelligence (AI) into their business process after exploring the capacity of Artificial intelligence (AI) to accelerate the business process through effective Data Analysis, Machine Learning and other relative tools.
Such dependencies on data-driven activities force the businesses to bring changes in the pattern of traditional routine work, where there was no exception of human effort. Those tasks are now being possible to be accomplished by Machine through the implementation of Artificial Intelligence and Machine learning. Such practice creates more space for humans to explore their innate talents by ensuring the maximum optimization of creativity, strategic planning, social intelligence, emotional intelligence, curiosity and so on. It has impacted the human job pattern and brought more job opportunities, where you need to earn specific skill and knowledge. This scenario could be considered as Human Technological Interaction, which without any doubt is going to last for the next several decades.
In such a reality, you might get confused about selecting the right-most IT skill to learn in 2021. The following discussion will help you get an idea about eight such IT skills to learn, that will accelerate your career path in the IT industry.
1. Artificial Intelligence, Neural Networks and Machine Learning
Software and Application Developers were considered as the most hired IT professionals in the industry, even a couple of a few years ago. Businesses are now desperately seeking a Security Analyst and Data Architect.
The birth and rise of Artificial Intelligence (AI) were merely anticipated. AI has started to impact almost every business process across the world from the moment AI has earned the capacity of transaction in data processing and pattern reorganization process, which is much faster and better than humans. AI is considered an integral part of machine learning and neural networks, as well. These Neural Networks replicate almost the capacity of human brains for processing information. Applications and frameworks like Virtual Assistants, Chatbots, self-driving cars and Predictive Analysis are few such examples of how the possibilities of Neural Networks can be an integral part of any business across the world.
According to a survey, AI-driven businesses are going to take around three to six trillion dollar turnover, per year. Such a huge amount of revenue will be generated from almost every business sector through an unbiased and evenly distributed environment. According to the research of one of the largest job portals named ‘indeed’, mentioned that the AI skilled professional will get around one hundred and nineteen (119%) percent increment, per year. Currently, only twenty-six (26%) percent of the IT professionals are skilled and experienced in AI and/or Machine Learning. Such a significant shortage in professional expertise is expected to be endured, which also keeps the demand for AI and/or Machine Learning high.
2. Hyper Automation
By definition, automation is a process, which employs technology in order to discard antiquated jobs that once required human intervention. Automation ensures conducting jobs in a better and faster manner and eliminates human hazards. Hyper Automation uses state-of-the-art technology like AI, Neural Network and Machine Language not only to make the task automated but also to ensure the implicit automation processes including Design, Discover, Analyze, Asses and so on.
Hyper Automation also devises the Data Transport Object (DTO), through which businesses can anticipate how business processes and Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) are used to create a unique value proposition for the business. This is how Hyper Automation provides uninterrupted intelligence regarding the unique business opportunities of the organization. This is considered as one unique feature that assists to convert the experience of the users from tech-literate people to people literate tech
Hyper Automation is designed to cater an excellent experience, which will enhance Augmented Reality (AR), Virtual Reality (VR), Human-Computer Interface (HCI), Human Machine Interface (HMI) and so on. In the year 2021, more than fifty (50%) percent of IT jobs require development and engineering roles. Hyper Automation is designed to be developed at an average rate of forty (40%) percent for the job roles that require cooperation with AI Specialists, ML Specialists, Data Scientists, Neural Network Specialist, Robotics Engineering etc.
3. Data Science and Analytics
Data Science is another emerging subject matter of IT. Organizations are now being able to forecast the future shape of the business process through an effective and appropriate implication of tools and techniques of Data Science and Analytics
A large chunk of data is being produced every day from almost every business, regardless of the type and the size of the business. Data Scientists, Data Architects and Data Analytics Specialists have the required skill to help organizations making strategic decisions by analyzing business data. According to a study, there is an increase in demand for data-related job roles by thirty-seven (37%) percent. Employment opportunities for Data Scientists are expected to grow around three hundred (300%) percent, over the next decade. According to a report, prepared by one of the largest online job portals named ‘Glassdoor’, Data Analytics is compared as the third best job in the IT industry across the world.
Businesses are competing with each other to deliver more uniquely designed and personalized services to their clients. Data Scientists and Data Analytics professionals can perform predictive analysis using which the organizations can come up with a better business decision. The demand for Data Scientists and Analytics will create huge employment opportunities in the coming days.
4. Cyber Security
Cyber Security is considered one of the fastest expanding opportunities for IT professionals in 2021. The demand for Cyber Security specialists’ increases by thirty (30%) percent as the rate of Cyber Threats also increases at the same pace. Businesses are now more concerned about the safety and security issue of their business data.
The rate of Data Breach has increased by fifty (50%) percent, only during the year 2019-2020. As a result, businesses are required to ensure the security of their IT infrastructure in order to protect their business data.
Neural Network Applications are required to process more than ten million data transactions to outpace the regular human capacity. It requires organizations to extract data from almost every business transaction to enhance the engagement of the customer. Any kind of Cyber Attack on these data may cause the confidential information of the clients at risk and such an accident may damage the credibility of the business.
AI professionals have the space to play a key role to deal with the Cyber Security issue. With adequate information, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is capable of determining the pattern of events which give you the indications of possible Cyber Attack. This is how AI plays an important role to develop, deploy, configure and monitor both the defence and offence mechanism of the IT infrastructure of the organization which is far above human capacities.
Cyber Security creates ample job opportunities for IT professionals. Tech giants and globally recognized leading corporate houses are creating space for Cyber Security Specialists, having adequate knowledge, skill and experience of AI, Data Science and Machine Learning.
5. Cloud Computing
Organizations are deviating towards cloud-based IT infrastructure as the client-server IT infrastructure model is now being considered obsolete technology. According to a survey, cloud-based IT services have already been increased by seventeen (17) percent, which contributes around two hundred and twenty-six (226) billion dollars in the IT industry.
We have seen how the market of Software as a Service (SaaS) has been squeezed by the Internet as a Service (IaaS). The market of Cloud Computing has also been increased rapidly as organizations have started integrating cloud infrastructure, as part of their business system in order to develop a centralized data management infrastructure.
Cyber Attack has its impact not only on the IT industry but also on the overall economy, as well. Top-level IT professionals like CIOs, CTOs, CEOs and COOs can feel this impact as they have a comprehensive view of the business process. That is another key reason for why organizations have started integrating cloud technology in order to keep their business data safe and secure.
None of us could confirm anything for the future as granted as the future is uncertain. Organizations could give a try to make better business decisions through predictive analysis. This is another key reason why the safety and security of data are being considered as one of the most important aspects of any business and it is how the concept and technology of Cloud Computing have made its space in the IT industry.
6. Internet Of Things (IoT)
Internet Of Things (IoT) is the outcome of the innovation of IT, where devices could communicate with each other. Applications, sensors, microcontrollers, microprocessors are all considered as the building blocks of IoT. According to a survey, the market price of IoT will be around four to eleven trillion dollars within the year 2025. Organizations are now looking forward to hiring IT professionals having a blended skill-set on AI, Cyber Security, IoT and so on.
User Interface (UI) and User Experience (UX) are two key elements of the IT industry, which will never get obsolete. Almost every IT company is required to have expertise in these two elements in order to offer their products and services in a simpler and smarter manner. User Interface (UI) professionals put their effort into elevating the interface through which the user will interact with the system.
On the other hand, User Experience (UX) professionals are required to work on how the users will communicate with the different pieces of the products and/or services. No matter how excellent the service you are offering, your product may not create a buzz in the market without an effective and easy to use UI that can ensure an excellent UX.
8. Product Owners
IT companies have started integrating agile development strategy, as this is considered as one of the most effective development strategies for the application/software developer. The role of product owners is getting more priority than before, particularly in the agile development strategy. The generic tasks of Product Owners are to make surveys, confirm smooth communication among the developers, project managers and clients.
9. Soft Skills
Only technical skill is not enough for IT Professionals, as they are required to communicate with both the technical and non-technical people. This is why soft skills like verbal and written communication capabilities are required for professionals, working in the IT industry in order to ensure optimum communication among the stakeholders of the product and/or services they are working on.
Hiring managers of the IT companies are now considering the level of experience rather than the degree and/or certification from the college and university. One of the key reasons for them to go for such a choice is to fill the gap between the demand and supply of an effective IT workforce. Moreover, the numbers of online learning platforms are increasing and it provides a huge opportunity for individuals to learn any IT related subject matter online. Furthermore, any IT professional can stay updated with the latest trend of any IT related issues from these online learning portals and move upward to their career path.